|Verse of the day:|
|Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for their widows a yearÂ´s maintenance and residence; but if they leave (the residence), there is no blame on you for what they do with themselves, provided it is reasonable. And Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. 2:240|
|IS READING SURAH FATIHAH COMPULSORY?|
|Sunday, 10 January 2010 22:10|
IS READING SURAH FATIHAH COMPULSORY?
Narrated Ubada bin As Samit Allaah's Apostle said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatihah in his prayer, his prayer is invalid." (Bukhari 1.723)
Narrated Abu Said bin Al Mualla While I was praying, Allaah's Apostle passed me and called me, but I did not go to him until I had finished the prayer. Then I went to him, and he said, "What prevented you from coming to me? Didn't Allah say: "O you who believe! Answer the call of Allah (by obeying Him) and His Apostle when He calls you?" He then said, "I will inform you of the greatest Surah in the Qur'ân before I leave (the mosque)." When Allaah's Apostle got ready to leave (the mosque), I reminded him. He said, "It is: 'Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.' (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha) As-sab'a Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly recited Verses)." (Bukhari 6.170)
Narrated Abu Hurairah Allaah's Apostle said, "The Um (substance) of the Qur'ân is the seven oft-repeated verses (Al-Mathani) and is the Great Qur'ân (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha)." (Bukhari 6.227)
Reciting: 'Al-Fatihah' and Salutations to the Prophet (Abu Hanifah and Malik regard these as two essential requisites of funeral prayer)
Ash-Shafi'i has in his Musnad narrated from Abu Umamah ibn Sahl that one of the Companions of the Prophet however, it is sunnah to utter the takbir and salutations aloud in order to communicate with those praying with him) The author of Al-Fath says: "The chain of narrators of this hadith is sound."
Bukhari reported from Talha ibn Abdullah that he said: "I offered a funeral prayer that was led by Ibn Abbas. He recited Al-Fatihah and said: 'This is a sunnah of the Prophet, " Tirmidhi also reported this and remarked that this has been the practice of some of the learned among the Companions of the Prophet (may Allah be pleased with them). Others prefer to recite Al-Fatihah after the first Takbeer. This is the opinion of Ash-Shaafa'i, Ahmad, and Ishaaq. Some others hold that Al-Fatihah is not to be recited in a funeral prayer. The funeral prayer should consist of praise for Allah (thana), blessings (salawat) upon the Prophet, and a prayer (du'a) for forgiveness of the deceased. This is the opinion of Al-Thawri and other scholars of Kufah. Those who hold the recitation of al-Fatihah in a funeral prayer obligatory argue that the Prophet, , called it a prayer (salat) when he said: "Offer prayer (sallu) for your deceased friend. " And as no prayer can be complete without al-Fatihah, for the Prophet, , also told us "no prayer is valid unless al-Fatihah is recited in it."
Sunnah acts of prayer Reciting Behind an Imaam
One's prayer is not accepted unless al-Fatihah is recited in every rak'ah. But, one who is praying behind an imam is to keep quiet while the imaam is reciting aloud, as Allaah says in the Qur'ân, "When the Qur'ân is recited, listen and remain silent that you may attain mercy." The Prophet, upon whom be peace, also said, "When the imam makes the takbir, (you too) make the takbir. When he recites, be silent." (Related by Muslim.) One hadith states, "Whoever is praying behind an imam, the imaam's recital is his recital. If the imam reads quietly, then all of the followers must also make their own recital. If one cannot hear the imaam's recital, he must make his own recital. Commenting on this subject, Abu Bakr al-'Arabi says, "What we see as the strongest opinion is that one must recite during the prayers in which the imaam's recital is subdued. But, during the prayers where the imam recites aloud, one may not recite. This is based on the following three proofs:
1) This was the practice of the people of Madeenah,
2) it is the ruling of the Qur'ân, as Allah says, "When the Qur'ân is recited, listen and remain silent," and
3) this is supported by two Hadith: one from 'Imran ibn Hussain states, 'I know that some of you compete with me (in my recital...),' and 'If it is recited, you should listen.' The preceding hadith is the weightiest position according to the following argument: If one cannot recite along with the imaam, then when can one recite? If one says, 'While he is silent,' then we say, 'It is not necessary for him to be silent,' so how can something that is obligatory be dependent on something that is not obligatory? But we have found a way in which the person may 'recite' with the imaam, and that is the recitation of the heart and of concentrating on what is being recited. This is the method of the Qur'ân and the hadith, and the way the worship has been preserved. It is also part of following the sunnah. One is to act by what is the strongest (opinion). This was also the choice of az-Zuhri and Ibn al-Mubarak, and it is a statement from Malik, Ahmad and Ishaq. Ibn Taimiyyah supports it and shows it to be the strongest opinion.
Recitation of Surah Fatihah behind an Imaam.
Ata'bin abi Raba (ra), who was a Taabi'een and also a teacher of Abu Hanifa is quoted "Sahabah recited Surah Fatihah in all the the Salaah." (Gaysul Gamam pg 157)
According to Imaam Mohammed (student of Abu Hanifah) the muqtadi should recite Surah Fatihah in sirri( Zohr and Asr). This is also preffered in the most trustworthy books of Hanafi fiqh ie. Hidaya and Mujtaba Sharhe Kuduri.
Even many of our Hanafi scholars have accepted this view. In the same way even in Jahri (Fajr, Magrib, Isha) salaah when the Imaam takes a pause the muqtadi's recitation cannot be denied" "Allama Abdul Hai Hanafi in Sharhe Waqaya Umdaturriaya page 41."